Buyer's Guide

WHAT ARE TERPENES AND WHAT IS THEIR ROLE?

by Elixinol LLC | March 12, 2015 | 40 Comments

In a previous article, Before you Buy CBD Oil Learn to Read the Lab Tests,  we’ve mentioned that lab tests for hemp products analyze not only the content of cannabinoids, but also the amount of solvents and the presence of terpenes in the final products.

 

You’re probably familiar with solvents and cannabinoids at this point, but what about terpenes? What are these compounds and how do they influence the properties of hemp in general, and of hemp oil in particular?

 

Terpenes give the aroma, flavor and color of plants

 

Terpenes are organic compounds found in a variety of plants, and contribute to their flavor, scent and color. These substances are the building blocks for essential oils and plant raisins, and are often used in food additives, perfumery and aromatherapy. Some are even thought to have medicinal properties, and to help in fighting bacteria, fungus and environmental stress.

 

Plants like rosemary, mint or basil have a strong terpene profile, and this is why they’re referred to as aromatic plants. Cannabis at its turn contains a wide range of terpenes (over 200) that are thought to interact synergistically with the cannabinoids in the plant, and to enhance its health effects.

 

BCP (beta-caryophyllene) for example is a terpene found in the cannabis plant that is known to activate the CB2 receptor in the endocannabinoid system and to exert anti-inflammatory effects. It’s non-psychoactive, and is the first FDA approved dietary cannabinoid, being used as food additive.

 

Vitamin A is also a terpene, although we don’t generally think of it this way. Conifers produce large amounts of these compounds, and most plants produce higher quantities of terpenes in the warmer seasons.

 

Each of the different cannabis strains contains its own terpenes, and some are more abundant, hence the different flavors and aromas. Alpha-pinene for example is one of the most known terpenes in cannabis and is also found in sage and rosemary. It is known to act as a natural bronchodilator and expectorant and to help one focus better. It increases the mental energy and can even act as a topical antiseptic.

 

Limonene, another terpenes found in the cannabis strains, is also present in citrus fruits, juniper and peppermint, and has anti-fungal, anti-bacterial and anti-depressant effects. Moreover, it is suggested that this compound exerts anti-carcinogen properties, and is known to increase blood pressure.

 

Myrcene is found in menthol, lemon grass and most varieties of marijuana, and is widely used in the perfumery industry. Just like the previously mentioned compounds, it has anti-microbial and anti-septic properties, and acts as a natural anti-depressant, anti-carcinogen and anti-inflammatory agent. It’s a relaxing substance and in marijuana-derived products, it increases the cell membrane permeability, allowing for higher amounts of THC to travel to the brain cells.

 

Terpenes and hemp oil

 

Unlike marijuana, hemp does not have a strong flavor and is not referred to as an aromatic plant, therefore the terpene profile of hemp is a bit less significant than that of marijuana. But the plant still contains such compounds, and none of them are psychoactive. Terpenes in hemp have anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and anti-viral properties, the most known of them being caryphyllene and myrcene.

 

The hemp plant contains 120 terpenes, but depending on the processing method, these can or cannot be found in the CBD oil. Oil made of hemp seeds is less abundant in terpenes than the similar product obtained from other portions of the plant (Hendriks et al, 1978).

 

Hemp contains mostly monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes (Turner et al, 1980), which can be concentrated into essential oils through steam distillation methods. Cannabinoids have no smell, so the flavor and aroma of hemp products depends on their terpenes profile.

 

Comments


Mike
March 19, 2019

Mike

Get good hash,Bud and ThC oil from cannabishouseco.webs.com

Joy
March 19, 2019

Joy

Hello Everyone,

My name is Joy from the USA, My husband Stage IV skin cancer and MS has just been cured with the cannabis oil gotten from DR. Michael, cannabis oil is a great medication. To hell with the government and their insane policy, we have a medication that is hundred percent assured to cure cancer and you don’t need to spend so much money on anymore on chemo, radiation or surgeries that wouldn’t work. Where to purchase, contact via (https://cannabishouseco.webs.com/) My family is now a brand new one, so stop your worries and go get your medication and set the family free of the deadly disease that hold no respect to family harmony. Make your health a better one by using cannabis oil in your everyday life. contact Michael on: ( https://cannabishouseco.webs.com/) for all type of cancer cure and many other illnesses

NB: PASS THE MASSAGE TO EVERY FRIEND OR RELATIVE THAT MAY NEED HELP MEDICALLY GOD BLESS YOU !!

Thank you.
Joy.

Joy
March 17, 2019

Joy

Hello Everyone,

My name is Joy from the USA, My husband Stage IV skin cancer and MS has just been cured with the cannabis oil gotten from DR. Michael, cannabis oil is a great medication. To hell with the government and their insane policy, we have a medication that is hundred percent assured to cure cancer and you don’t need to spend so much money on anymore on chemo, radiation or surgeries that wouldn’t work. Where to purchase, contact via (https://cannabishouseco.webs.com/) My family is now a brand new one, so stop your worries and go get your medication and set the family free of the deadly disease that hold no respect to family harmony. Make your health a better one by using cannabis oil in your everyday life. contact Michael on: ( https://cannabishouseco.webs.com/) for all type of cancer cure and many other illnesses

NB: PASS THE MASSAGE TO EVERY FRIEND OR RELATIVE THAT MAY NEED HELP MEDICALLY GOD BLESS YOU !!

Thank you.
Joy.

Linda
February 13, 2019

Linda

My dogs have been having hemp derived CBD for their arthritis. I bought a different brand today and it states that it contains hemp terpenes but does not mention CBD, although it was sold as CBD. Am I right in thinking that the product would not have the beneficial properties of CBD if it contains only the terpenes?

Linda
February 13, 2019

Linda

My dogs have been having hemp derived CBD for their arthritis. I bought a different brand today and it states that it contains hemp terpenes but does not mention CBD, although it was sold as CBD. Am I right in thinking that the product would not have the beneficial properties of CBD if it contains only the terpenes?

1 2 3 8

Add a Comment